The world has made remarkable strides in reducing poverty over the last two decades. However, 1 in every 10 persons still live on less than USD 1.90 a day according to recent estimates of the World Bank. Among them, the ultra poor are the least served and most vulnerable subset of this population globally.
Uganda experiences a staggering rate of 78% youth unemployment – one of the highest in the world. A large segment of its population live in remote areas where access to jobs are limited, forcing them towards conditions of extreme poverty.
Balochistan, despite being the least populated of Pakistan’s four districts, faces severe challenges. More than 52% of the population live below the poverty line and nearly one-third of the population is unemployed. The literacy rate is around 29% and female primary school enrolment is 20%.
Our ultra poor graduation approach is a targeted, time-bound sequenced intervention that combine livelihoods asset transfer, access to financial services, consumption support, training and social integration. Our holistic approach places ultra poor households onto a ladder of sustainable economic self-reliance into a sustainable future.
While each programme is designed to be highly context-specific, they are generally designed to address immediate consumption needs of participants’ households, support long term capital generation goals through a high-value asset transfer, build life skills and social awareness, develop technical skills and business acumen, and ensure financial inclusion through access to savings and financial education.
Our ultra poor graduation initiative makes larger contributions by harnessing our expertise and building awareness and capacity. We conduct advocacy and provide technical assistance to agents of scale including governments, multilateral institutions and other international NGOs, on how to design effective graduation programmes in their own local contexts.
Independent researchers from the London School of Economics released 4 and 7-year RCT results on BRAC’s model, the longest-running longitudinal study on a graduation program. In addition to producing broad and sweeping reductions in community-level economic inequality, evidence pointed to substantial gains in earnings (37% increase), consumption (10% increase), savings (10-fold increase), access to land and asset value (doubled), as well as hours devoted to productive, stable, and dignified work (tripled).
We work with stakeholders among development partners like UKAid and DFAT and national and international NGOs to create awareness and recognition of TUP’s ‘graduation’ approach for ultra poverty. Globally, BRAC’s provides technical assistance to build the capacity of governments and large NGOs to conduct effective graduation programming themselves. Our aim is to catalyse an exponential increase in the number of households reached by 2030.
YOUR SUPPORT makes a large contribution to the eradication of extreme poverty by expanding our own direct implementation and continuing to build the capacity of others to take on this challenge.